Learning the symptoms of bleeding

When you see a bleeding cut on your finger or a scratch on your knee, you immediately realize that you are bleeding, right? However, sometimes you may have bleeding without seeing blood. Do you know why? The bleeding is happening inside your body. For example, in a muscle, in a joint, or somewhere else.
Don't worry though! If a bleed happens inside your body, you can easily identify it, if you learn to recognize some "signs" called bleeding symptoms.

Bleeding into joints occur when:


all of a sudden you feel something like

a tickle in your joint. This means

that a bleed has started!


slowly your joint becomes hot,

swollen and painful


you have difficulty flexing

your elbow or knee


you identify that the skin on

your elbows or knees is

stretched or swollen

Bleeding into muscles occur when:


all of a sudden you feel something like

a tickle in your calf, leg or hand.

This is the first sign of bleeding!


you see a new large bruise on

your calf, foot or hand

3the area starts to get hot and painful
4the area swells and becomes hard
5you feel a numbness

after a while you have trouble moving

the joint located near this area


You feel headaches, you get dizzy, you feel like

you want to vomit, or you feel the need to sleep

(especially if you hit your head just before)

You vomit

You see that your

urine is red or brown

If you recognize any of the above symptoms, you shouldimmediatelyreport it to an adult near you (such as your parents or teachers). They will tell you what you need to do to stop the bleeding and get your treatment fast.
Read more

Srivastava A, Santagostino E, Dougall A, et al. WFH guidelines for the Management of Hemophilia, 3rd edition. Haemophilia. 2020:00:1-158

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This information is intended to inform and update the public and may in no way serve as a substitute to consultation with a doctor or other professional health service.
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